Brazilian Samba

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Brazilian Samba

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The Samba dance was introduced by African people on arrival into Brazil in the 19th century. The dance is characterized by rapid rhythmic steps and a swaying, rocking motion from the dancers made to lively beats.

Samba dance is rich in African beats and customs and has incorporated other culture throughout its development, mostly from Latin America. European colonizers in Latin America brought African slaves who had their unique culture which was expressed mainly through song and dance.

Samba emerged as a one-person dance and was mostly done in private since the upper-class Brazilians disapproved of the dance as being obscene.

When slavery was abolished it allowed a considerable popularity of the dance, but it was not until the s when the dance became widely accepted.

Samba dance evolved particularly in Rio de Janeiro, from where it spread throughout Brazil to the rest of Latin America and eventually to other parts of the world.

The Samba dance started as a solo dance and evolved as it found its way through favelas, discos, and ballrooms. Over time, Samba dance took many forms and included various types such as,.

Samba Pagode : this dance originated in the city of Sao Paulo, and it is done intimately to a slow tempo. Samba Reggae : this dance originated from Bahia to become one of the most popular Samba styles.

The dance is done to rhythmic beats from Samba drums. One of the most famous practitioners of the dance is Carmen Miranda. She was an expert Samba dancer famous in Brazil who introduced the dance to the US after her move to Hollywood.

Samba music is very similar to and has been influenced by many music genres, as well as many other Latin American music genres and dances. The term "samba" originally referred to any of several Latin duet dances with origins from the Congo and Angola.

Today Samba is the most prevalent dance form in Brazil, and reaches the height of its importance during the festival of Carnaval.

Besides Brazilian Samba, a major style of Samba is ballroom Samba , which differs significantly. One of the first references to "samba" was in Pernambuco magazine's O Carapuceiro , in February Father Miguel Lopes Gama of Sacramento wrote an article arguing against what he called "the samba d'almocreve", which was a type of dance drama popular with black people of that time.

During the midth century, the word referred to several types of music made by African slaves. The basic movement involves a straight body and a bending of one knee at a time.

The feet move very slightly - only a few inches at a time. It can be thought of as a step-ball-change. It can be described calling it and-a-one, and-a-two, then back to one.

The basic movement is the same to either side, where one foot moves to the outside lifting up just before the first beat i.

The other foot moves slightly towards the front, and closer to the first foot. The second leg bends lightly at the knee so that the left side of the hip lowers and the right side appears to move higher.

The weight is shifted to this inside foot briefly for the next "and-a", then shifted back to the outside foot on the "two", and the same series of actions is repeated towards the other side.

The dance simply follows the beat of the music and can go from average pace to very fast. Men dance with the whole foot on the ground while women, often wearing heels, dance just on the balls of the foot.

Professionals may change the steps slightly, taking 4 steps per measure instead of 3, and often add various arm movements depending on the mood of the music.

There are also regional forms of the dance in Brazil where the essential steps are the same, but because of a change in the accent of the music people will dance similar movements to the slightly changed accents.

For instance, in Bahia the girls tend to dance tilting their legs towards the outside instead of keeping their knees close to each other as in Rio de Janeiro.

This is the type of Samba one sees in the Brazilian Carnival parades and in other Samba carnivals over the world.

This is also one of the most common type of samba dancing in Brazil. Samba de Gafieira is a partner dance considerably different from the Ballroom Samba.

It appeared in the s and it gets its name from the gafieira , popular urban nightclubs of Rio de Janeiro at that time. The dance derived from the Maxixe and followed the arrival of the Choro another samba musical style.

It left most of the Maxixe's Polka elements behind but maintained the entwined leg movements of the Argentine tango , although adopting a more relaxed posture than the latter.

Many see this form of Samba as a combination of Waltz and Tango. Several Brazilian dance studios use elements and techniques from these two dances to teach Samba de Gafieira steps and dance routines.

Samba Pagode is a Samba partner dance that resembles the Samba de Gafieira but tends to be more intimate. The literal meaning of the Portuguese word "pagode" translates to "fun" or "merrymaking".

A key feature of Samba Pagode is its rhythmic texture created with a variety of beats. The pagode style utilizes three specific percussion instruments: the tanta, the repique-de-mao, and the pandeiro.

For years it became the major type of dance for the North east of Brazil during the holiday months. The dance is completely choreographed and the movements tend to mimic the lyrics.

Samba-reggae is a mix of reggae beats created by Samba drums. Samba Reggae is a popular samba style in Bahia, with many followers in various parts of Brazil.

Samba-reggae has birthed a style of African-influenced dance which has been obtained from the styles of Afro-Brazilian and candomble dance.

Within social settings, samba-reggae dances are often performed in a follow-the-leader manner, with a small number of advanced dancers initiating steps in a line in front of the crowd, and then the whole crowd subsequently following along.

The third- and fourth drummers, known as surdos perform short choreographies, utilizing mallets to emphasize sharp arm movements.

The fundos the first and second surdos at the lead often take center stage to showcase elaborate, deft mallet lifts and throws, and also toss their drums high overhead.

It is a form of Latin nightclub dance. One of Samba-rock's first dance instructors, Mestre Ataliba, describes the essence of the dance style.

It blends the African ' ginga ' body flow from Capoeira , which is present at the feet and the hips, and the European reference of the ballroom etiquette.

It really embraces every music culture". The typical drum is the atabaque ; drummers improvise variations and elaborations on common patterns, accompanied typically by singing and clapping as well as dancing.

The term "Samba" encompassed many different rhythms, tunes, drumming and dances of various periods and areas of the Brazilian territory.

Imprensa Nacional. Have Michelsen Schauspielerin always wanted to go to Brazilian Carnival and dive into the atmosphere of Samba parade, live batucada Outside Cashpoint Wetten main scene of the Brazilian Popular Music festivals, the sambists founded Tchechin Bienal do Samba in the late s, and it became the space for the big names of the genre and followers. How have you adapted during the pandemic and how has this impacted on how you engage with your work now? Gamescom Fachbesucher Tickets the year onwards, there were some artists who were looking to reconnect the most popular traditions of samba.

Samba is recognized around the world as a symbol of Brazil and the Brazilian Carnival. Considered one of the most popular Brazilian cultural expressions, the samba has become an icon of Brazilian national identity.

It is the main root of the samba carioca , the samba that is played and danced in Rio de Janeiro. Traditionally, the samba is played by strings cavaquinho and various types of guitar and various percussion instruments such as tamborim.

Influenced by American orchestras in vogue since the Second World War and the cultural impact of US music post-war, samba began to use trombones , trumpets, choros , [ clarification needed ] flutes , and clarinets.

In addition to distinct rhythms and meters, samba brings a whole historical culture of food, varied dances miudinho, coco, samba de roda, and pernada , parties, clothes such as linen shirts, and the Naif painting of established names such as Nelson Sargento , Guilherme de Brito , and Heitor dos Prazeres.

Anonymous community artists, including painters, sculptors, designers, and stylists, make the clothes, costumes, carnival floats, and cars, opening the doors of schools of samba.

There is also a great tradition of ballroom samba in Brazil, with many styles. Samba de Gafieira is the style more famous in Rio de Janeiro, where common people used to go to the gafieira parties since the s, and where the moves and identity of this dance emerged, getting more and more different from its African, European, and Cuban [ further explanation needed ] origins and influences.

The National Samba Day is celebrated on December 2. The date was established at the initiative of Luis Monteiro da Costa, an alderman of Salvador , in honor of Ary Barroso.

He composed " Na Baixa do sapateiro " even though he had never been in Bahia. Thus December 2 marked the first visit of Ary Barroso to Salvador.

Initially, this day was celebrated only in Salvador, but eventually, it turned into a national holiday.

The etymology of samba is uncertain. One of the oldest records of the word samba appeared in Pernambuco magazine's O carapuceiro , dated February , when Father Miguel Lopes Gama of Sacramento wrote against what he called "the samba d'almocreve" — not referring to the future musical genre, but a kind of merriment dance drama popular for black people of that time.

In the middle of the 19th century, the word samba defined different types of music made by African slaves when conducted by different types of Batuque , but it assumed its own characteristics in each Brazilian state , not only by the diversity of tribes for slaves, but also the peculiarity of each region in which they were settlers.

In Argentina , there is a dance called " zamba ", a name which seems to share etymological origins with the samba, but the dance itself is quite different.

Samba-enredo or samba de enredo is a subgenre of samba, performed by a samba school or escola de samba for the festivities of Brazilian Carnival.

A new song must be written each year for each school; they must be on Brazilian topics. The Carnaval parade is among other things a samba competition, with judges, who rank the new sambas according to their perceived merit.

Being by definition topical, sambas-enredo are seldom performed outside of the Carnaval environment. For each samba school, choosing the following year's samba-enredo is a long process.

Well in advance of the Carnaval parade, each samba school holds a contest for writing the song.

The song is written by samba composers from within the school itself "Ala dos Compositores" , or sometimes from outside composers, normally in " parcerias " partnerships.

Each school receives many—sometimes hundreds—songs, sometimes hundreds of them, each hoping to be the next samba-enredo for that year.

The samba-enredo is written by these numerous composers mentioned above only after the Carnival Art Director, or "Carnavalesco", officially publishes the samba school 's parade theme synopsis for the year.

After a careful explanation of the parade-theme, many times done by the Carnival Art Director himself, composers may ask questions in order to clarify the synopsis, so they can start writing the samba-enredos.

It ends up after with somewhere between three and four sambas, which are competing in the great Final do Samba. The winner finally becomes the samba schools hymn of the year.

After months of deliberation, the new samba-enredo is chosen and becomes the voice of the samba school for the next year's Carnaval.

The most important night in this process, is called the "final de samba", or samba final, when the samba school decides between two or three samba-enredos.

At the end of the process, the winning samba-enredo is selected, and it is this song that is sung during the school's parade in the sambadrome.

This process normally happens in Brazil from August until November, and today is highly professionalized, with samba-composers hiring fans, producing CDs, banners, and throwing parties to promote their samba-enredo.

The final chosen song, today, is also uploaded on the school's YouTube and Facebook pages to reach even more fans.

It is important to note that the samba-enredo is one of the criteria used by the Judging committee to decide who is the winner of the Carnaval parade competition.

The samba-enredo must be well sung by the samba school's puxador or singer or the school will lose points.

While the puxador sings, everyone marching in the Carnaval parade sings the samba-enredo along with him, and harmony is another judging criterion.

During the first decade of the 20th century, some songs under the name of samba were recorded, but these recordings did not achieve great popularity.

However, in , " Pelo Telefone " "By Telephone" was recorded, [17] and it is considered the first true samba.

Actually, "Pelo Telefone" was created by a collective of musicians who participated in celebrations at the house of Tia Ciata Aunt Ciata. It was eventually registered by Donga and the Almeida National Library.

From that moment on, samba started to spread across the country, initially associated with Carnival and then developing its own place in the music market.

As the samba consolidated as an urban and modern expression, it began to be played on radio stations, spreading across the hills and neighborhoods to the affluent southern areas of Rio de Janeiro.

Initially viewed with prejudice and discrimination because it had black roots, the samba, because of its hypnotic rhythms and melodic intonations in addition to its playful lyrics, eventually conquered the white middle class as well.

The samba is frequently associated abroad with football and Carnaval. Bossa nova finally entered the country into the world of samba music.

Brazilian percussionist and studio musician Paulinho Da Costa , currently based in Los Angeles, incorporates the rhythms and instrumentation of the samba into the albums of hundreds of American, European and Japanese artists — including producer Quincy Jones , jazz performer Dizzy Gillespie , pop singer Michael Jackson and vocalist Barbra Streisand.

The success of the samba in Europe and Japan only confirms its ability to win fans, regardless of their language.

Currently, there are hundreds of samba schools on European soil and scattered among countries like Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Already in Japan, the records invest heavily in the launch of former sambistas' set of discs, which eventually created a market composed solely of catalogs of Japanese record labels.

These stands form poor communities that these people called the favelas later the term became synonymous with the irregular buildings of the poor.

At the same time, there were the samba-corrido , a line that had more work together with the rural Bahian accent, and the samba-chulado, a more rhyming and melodic style that characterized the urban samba carioca.

By the s, Republican propagandists were attempting to prohibit samba on the pretext that folklorist dances shamed Brazil's national image.

We are grateful to announce our 1st Online Class from the series of Summer Samba workshops with guest teachers, artists, advocates of Afro-Brazilian culture, talented dancers and educators from Brazil.

This Saturday, June 6, 11 am we will be While Phase 2 is in progress and dance and fitness studios are getting ready to reopen following the guidelines and abiding by the recommendations and precautions we are asking our students, followers and anyone interested to leave your feedback a As we are releasing new Online classes available for purchase and training starting April 13, we would like to make a call for those who is taking the class to learn the choreo and film yourself dancing.

We will upload all your videos to our YouTube We are very happy to share our updated schedule. I will be giving individual tasks to my current students and will monitor their progress and video updates online.

If you would like to get a pers Now, anyone can join Beginner Samb While Brazilian Carnival is just around the corner Feb 21 we are half way through our classes for our Winter Samba Course.

Have you always wanted to go to Brazilian Carnival and dive into the atmosphere of Samba parade, live batucada Welcome to Samba season!

Always wanted to perform and challenge yourself with learning new choreo, gaining new dance skills and contributing to a dance team dynamics?

Always wanted to be part of a dance community? It is a form of Latin nightclub dance. One of Samba-rock's first dance instructors, Mestre Ataliba, describes the essence of the dance style.

It blends the African ' ginga ' body flow from Capoeira , which is present at the feet and the hips, and the European reference of the ballroom etiquette.

It really embraces every music culture". The typical drum is the atabaque ; drummers improvise variations and elaborations on common patterns, accompanied typically by singing and clapping as well as dancing.

The term "Samba" encompassed many different rhythms, tunes, drumming and dances of various periods and areas of the Brazilian territory.

Because all drumming and dance was generalized by Portuguese colonizers as "samba", it is difficult to attribute it to one distinct heritage.

However, the most universally recognized cultural origin of Samba is Lundu, a rhythm that was brought to Brazil by the Bantu slaves from Africa.

Lundu reveals, in a way, the amalgamation of black slaves and white Portuguese and indigenous cultures. When the African slaves where imported, it was named the "semba" and with the introduction of the Arabic Pandeiro tambourine , brought into the Roda by the Portuguese, the "Samba" was molded into the form of dance it is now.

All participants, including beginners, are invited to join the dance and observe as well as imitate. Usually, only the women dance after each other and they are surrounded by others dancing in a circle and clapping their hands.

The choreography is often spontaneous and is based on movements of the feet, legs and hips. One of the most typical moves is the umbigada which is clear Bantu influence, where the dancer invites her successor into the circle's center.

The factor that frequently draws the attention of most people to the rhythm is the unusually-accented syncopated beat.

This syncopated rhythm is also an indication of Black resistance against cultural assimilation. The Samba of Roda in particular was considered an expression of freedom and identity of the underprivileged and became a means of liberation.

The Samba de Roda has significantly waned during the twentieth century due to economic decline and increased poverty in the region.

The effects of mass media and competition from popular modern music have also devalued this tradition among the younger generation. Finally, the weakening of the Samba de Roda was heightened through the aging of practitioners and demise of those who made the musical instruments.

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Brazilian Samba Video

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Brazilian Samba - Stornierungsbedingungen

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